It is narrated that when Noah and his people were sailing towards the unknown on his ark with all their hopes exhausted, the God sent them a dove with a branch of olive tree in its beak and heralded him that there was a land nearby. And the magnificent mountain in the easternmost part of the Anatolian lands, known today as Mount Ararat (Agri), hosted this revival.
All the holy scriptures tell of the olive tree. The word olive is mentioned 140 times in the Tanakh and the Bible. The olive tree is mentioned in the Bible as a sacred plant. It is mentioned in the Bible that 8 large olive trees in the "Garden of Gethsemane" on the slopes of the Mount of Olives from which Jesus Christ ascended to the sky witnessed the prayers, tears and death of Jesus. It is said that the olive seeds on these trees still defying time today remind Christians of the tears of Jesus.
In the Tanakh, it is said that "Yahweh" gave Moses a prescription of the Holy Anointing Oil (baptism oil), which is a mixture of olive oil and distinguished perfumes. The word olive is mentioned 6 (six) times in the Holy Quran and is mentioned as a "sacred tree".
Olive is also mentioned in the Holy Quran. It is written in the Holy Quran that the olive tree comes from Mount Sinai, that oil is obtained from its fruits and that this oil is used to add flavor to meals.
"Allah is the Light of the heavens and the earth. The example of His light is like a niche within which is a lamp, the lamp is within glass, the glass as if it were a pearly [white] star lit from [the oil of] a blessed olive tree, neither of the east nor of the west, whose oil would almost glow even if untouched by fire.Light upon light. Allah guides to His light whom He wills. And Allah presents examples for the people, and Allah is knowing of all things." (Surah An-Nur - 35)
Ancient Friend of Humanity: OLIVE TREE
In these studies, 39 thousand-year-old olive leaf fossils were unearthed. In the archaeological research conducted in the Sahara Region in North Africa, olive tree findings dating back 12 thousand BC were found.
The oldest data on the olive tree we have today is based on archaeological studies carried out on the Island of Santorini in the Aegean Sea.
Depiction of olive harvest on a Greek amphora.
7th Century BC
Our knowledge about olive oil is as old as written history, and it is regarded as sacred by all heavenly religions. Olive is also mentioned in the Holy Quran. It is written in the Holy Quran that the olive tree comes from Mount Sinai, that oil is obtained from its fruits and that this oil is used to add flavor to meals.
The geography we are in offers us a mine of information to follow the historical traces of the olive, both in terms of mythology and its place in daily life.
The unanswered questions invite us to listen more carefully the myths about olives, olive harvesting and olive oil, and all these turn the olive into a living legend.